Endocrinology

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Antidiuretic hormone (ADH) is important for normal water rebalancing in the body. Too much ADH leads to the syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone (SIADH) secretion. and decreased levels of sodium in the blood

The thyroid gland is in the neck. It is part of the endocrine system and produces a substance (thyroid hormone) that helps regulate metabolism. Thyroid nodules are glandular masses of this tissue. Lumps may be caused by infection, cysts, benign tumors. or malignant tumors of the thyroid gland Most lumps are small tumors or fluid-filled cysts. because some thyroid lumps are cancerous Every piece should be inspected.

The thyroid is a small gland located in the center of the neck and is important for regulating metabolism. Thyroiditis is an inflammation of this gland. Inflammation can result in overactive glands

A prolactinoma is a tumor of the prolactin-producing cells of the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, or master gland, is located at the bottom of the brain and controls growth, metabolism, and reproduction. One of the many hormones secreted by the pituitary gland is prolactin. Prolactin causes a woman's breasts to secrete milk after pregnancy. Tumors in the prolactin-secreting cells of the pituitary cause too much prolactin in the bloodstream. Prolactinomas are rare and occur in 1 or 2 people out of 10,000. Most are treatable.

Pituitary nodules are growths in the pituitary gland. The pituitary gland, or master gland, is located at the base of the brain and controls growth, metabolism, .

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of factors that increase the risk of cardiovascular disease (such as coronary heart disease), kidney disease, and diabetes. Nearly 47 million adults in the United States have the syndrome. It is more common in middle-aged and older people.

It is a disease that is inherited in males. It can affect different stages of development, including physical, linguistic, and social development. Klinefelter syndrome affects about 1 in 400 to 1 in 1,000 males.

Hypopituitarism, or underactive pituitary gland, occurs when the pituitary gland does not produce enough hormones. It is a rare medical disease. The pituitary gland located beneath the brain is called the main gland It also regulates other hormone-producing glands. These other glands are the thyroid, adrenal glands, and the genitals. Gradual or sudden impact the pituitary gland is Important for controlling water balance, blood pressure, sex, response to stress. and basic metabolism in the condition of the pituitary gland malfunctioning These hormones cannot be released.

Hypoglycemia means that your blood sugar levels are too low. In diabetes, blood sugar levels are often too high (hyperglycemia), but sometimes blood sugar can be low after treatment. This is because hypoglycemia can lead to loss of consciousness. Symptoms must be recognized and treated immediately.

It is a disease caused by an overactive thyroid gland. the thyroid gland is located neck area and produce thyroid hormones This hormone regulates the rate at which the body functions. Too much hormones cause symptoms of hyperthyroidism. Women are three times more likely than men to develop hyperthyroidism.

Vaginal dryness is a loss of normal moisture. (or lubricant) in the vagina The result is discomfort and pain. It can also prevent sexual activity from flowing. It's a common problem. every woman can have But it is more common in women near menopause. It affects about one in five women in the near term, and more than half in women. after not producing estrogen in women for 5 years

Hirsutism refers to excessive hair growth on the face and body in women. Darker hair thickens in areas where male hair grows, such as the upper lip, chin, and sideburns. Hirsutism is common in 5% to 10% of women and is usually severe. Increased body hair is common in white women of Mediterranean origin. Most women do not need medical care. Therapy may improve hirsutism. But it may take months. Hirsutism cannot be prevented.

It is a condition in which one or both breasts are enlarged in males. It usually occurs in three age groups: newborns, boys, ages 12 to 16 and older, men. In boys, the breasts may return to normal 6 months to 3 years after puberty.

carcinoid syndrome is an abnormality that occurs when a small tumor (Carcinoid tumors) produce chemicals that enter the bloodstream. Chemicals cause these symptoms. Slow-growing tumors are mainly found in the gastrointestinal tract and lungs (bronchi), occur most commonly in the appendix and frequently in the small intestine (20%); rectum (15%); trachea (12%), esophagus, stomach and colon (10%); and ovaries, biliary tract, and pancreas (3%). When the tumor has spread and caused this symptom The disease is rare and occurs in about 3 out of 100,000 people.

Puberty is when a child's body begins to mature. They produce hormones which are substances from the endocrine system. Some hormones are produced by the hypothalamus and pituitary gland. Certain hormones cause the ovaries to grow in girls and testicles in boys. Women make estrogen and men make testosterone. These changes cause maturation and secondary sex characteristics. boy with facial hair girls develop breasts And pregnancy can occur in sexually active women. Late puberty means puberty. Doesn't start at normal time Puberty usually begins between the ages of 7 and 13 for girls. and between the ages of 9 and 15 for boys.

Diabetes insipidus is a disease caused by a decrease in the amount or action of hormones that help regulate water balance. This hormone is known as anti-diuretic hormone (ADH). Also known as vasopressin, the pituitary gland regulates the flow of ADH into the bloodstream. ADH helps the kidneys maintain a normal water balance in the body. The two main types of diabetes insipidus are the midbrain and the kidneys. The midbrain type is caused by lower ADH production. In nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, ADH production is normal or increased. But the kidneys do not respond normally to hormones.

The thyroid is an important endocrine gland located in the anterior region of the neck. It produces hormones It acts on metabolism and regulates mood, weight and energy. Graves Autoimmune diseases are the most common diseases that produce too much thyroid hormone. can affect both sexes but primarily affects women An autoimmune disease is a disease in which the immune system The body's system destroys healthy organs or tissues themselves.

Ascites is a disease in which excessive fluid accumulates in the abdomen. This is the space between the peritoneum. and abdominal organs Half of people with cirrhosis will develop ascites 10 years after diagnosis.

Humans have two adrenal glands located above the kidneys. to make substances called hormones that regulate blood, pressure, fluid metabolism and other body functions It is an abnormal tumor of the adrenal gland. This type of tumor rarely occurs outside the adrenal glands. secretes a hormone called epinephrine or a related compound high blood pressure, palpitations, headaches and sweating

It is a condition in which air leaks from the lungs. There is usually a small amount of fluid to protect the lung surface from the chest cavity. which allows the lungs to expand well If air leaks into the pleura, it can cause the alveoli to collapse.

The appendix is the distal part of the colon. The segus colon can become swollen and inflamed if there is an infection. and can be fatal Appendicitis occurs in people aged 10-30 years.

It's caused by the intestines, or a lump of fat that flows down the weakened abdominal wall inside the thigh. It is more common in women than men.

A ruptured wound around the anus It can happen to both women and men, both children and adults. Wound fractures occur in babies 6-24 months.

It is an organ surrounded by the stomach, intestines and other organs. produces gastric juice and the hormone insulin These enzymes are transported to the intestines. Inflammation and swelling of the pancreas affects digestion. And if the symptoms are immediate, along with other complications, it can be life-threatening.

These are genital warts, including the urethra, the area where urine is released from the body and the anal hole. Genital warts are one of the most common STDs in people aged 17-33 years old, which is at high risk.

The gallbladder is a small sac under the liver that stores bile before it is released into the intestines when eaten. which serves to digest fats in food Cholecystitis is caused by gallstones blocking the biliary tract.

Since the foreskin is too tight around the penis for the first 1-2 years, it will gradually loosen. Foreskin stenosis is an inflammation and redness of the skin that occurs when the foreskin is tight.

Priapism is a condition in which an erection lasts longer than 4 hours, not associated with sexual stimulation. Priapism is a medical emergency that requires appropriate treatment.

Sudden pain when the testicles are deformed at the tip of the epididymis, which contains the blood supplying the testes. And when the terminal torsion occurs, the blood will not be able to feed the testes, causing ischemia and cell death. Testicular torsion occurs in men aged 12-20 years and infants. It is an urgent condition that requires urgent treatment.

The penis or penis is made up of tissues, the corpus cavernosum and the corpus spongiosum are organs that attract blood and erection. in which the disease is a disease that causes abnormalities in the erection of the penis Found in about 1% of men aged 45-60 years, this is not a dangerous condition but is about confidence and an erection.

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