polycystic kidney disease

Last updated: 2021-11-07  |  9818 Views  | 

polycystic kidney disease

polycystic kidney disease


It is a genetic disorder that causes cysts on the kidneys. This causes the kidneys to not function fully and lose balance in the later stages. Nearly half of people with the disease develop end-stage renal disease.

cause
It is a hereditary disease, both autosomal dominant and autosomal recessive, which occurs in 90% of people aged 30-40 years.

symptom
Most people show no symptoms. If symptoms are found to have a severity level. The initial symptoms were kidney infection and high blood pressure. Symptoms are more pronounced as the cyst increases in size. Causes pain in the back and flanks, weakness, tiredness, swelling, especially the ankles and eyes, rapid breathing, and itchy skin. Autosomal dominant cyst, blood in urine and kidney stones. cyst of the liver and pancreas Abnormal heart valves, kidney stones, cerebral aneurysms The intestinal wall contains cysts, these diseases are more common in patients with cystic kidney disease.

diagnosis
From taking a history of family disease or doing ultrasound to look at the cyst in the kidney and should consult a nephrology specialist, as cysts in the kidneys can cause kidney failure.

treatment

Treatment focuses on high blood pressure. and prevent complications such as kidney stones. Urinary tract infection, kidney failure. Take medications such as aspirin and paracetamol to reduce back pain. Antibiotics to treat urinary tract infections lifestyle changes such as Control diet, exercise, take antihypertensive medication when high blood pressure. for end-stage renal failure Abdominal dialysis or a kidney transplant may require treatment.



Things to do

Tell your doctor if you have a fever or infection.

Tell your doctor if you're urinating less. There is blood in the urine with burning sensation.

You should immediately inform your doctor if you have stomach pain.

Should understand the severity of symptoms and headaches.

An abnormality involving a cerebral aneurysm or high blood pressure

Discuss heredity if you are planning a pregnancy.

don't do

Do not forget that cysts in the kidneys must be treated by a combination of doctors.

Do not be afraid to consult for more information on kidney transplantation.


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