Infectious Diseases

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Shigellosis is an intestinal infection. With more than 15,000 cases of a bacterium called shigella annually occurring in the United States, shigellosis often affects children and can spread rapidly in daycare.

infectious arthritis Septic arthritis (or septic arthritis) is a bacterial infection within the joints. Joints are usually germ-free. When bacteria enter a joint, it causes inflammation (swelling, redness) and pain. Infections usually only affect one joint: the knee, hip, wrist, shoulder, elbow, or ankle. Anyone can have an infection. together But it's most common in children under 3 and adults over 80. Untreated infectious arthritis can damage the joints. and led to joint replacement surgery.

Typhus is an acute disease caused by A bacterium named Rickettsia rickettsii is an infectious tick that carries the bacteria. These ticks live in wooded areas in low hedges and tall grass. The disease is more common in warm weather—spring and summer. Illness can occur at any age. But it is more common in adults aged 60 to 69 and children aged 5 to 9 years, and more in men than women.

Rheumatic fever is an inflammatory condition of the heart, nervous system, skin, and joints following a bacterial infection. Rheumatic fever usually occurs in children under the age of 18.

Nocardiosis is a bacterial infection of the soil. lung tissue soft tissues and central nervous system The brain and spinal cord are often affected. It is serious and can be fatal in people with weakened immune systems. This disease can be found all over the world. in the United States 500 to 1,000 new cases are diagnosed annually. This infection occurs more in men than in women and is more common in adults than in children.

Mumps is a viral infection that causes painful swelling of the salivary glands. These glands on both sides of the jaw drool Mumps was most commonly seen in children between the ages of 10 and 15 before the mumps vaccine was developed. Mumps is a common childhood disease. It is much less common now. Complications can occur, usually in adults. Hearing can be temporarily lost. Organs can become swollen and irritated. These organs include the testicles in boys who become adolescents and men. Infertility (sometimes infertility) of the ovaries or breasts in women and girls who have gone through puberty. Pancreas, meninges, heart and joints

Mononucleosis Also known as mono and kissing disease, it is an acute infection that affects the respiratory, liver and lymphatic systems. It spreads by close contact. It is common in adolescents and young adults. It is rare in people older than 35. It is usually harmless and goes away on its own. It is rarely serious and causes extreme fatigue. The most serious complication is an enlarged spleen. May explode on direct contact, such as when playing contact sports.

Mastoiditis is a relatively rare infection of the bulge in the skull behind the ear, the part of the bone called the mastoid. Infection can cause damage to this bone, followed by hearing loss. Mastitis most often affects young children, usually 6 to 13 months of age. It can also be born in healthy adolescents and working adults. people with weakened immune systems (infection-fighting) can also occur.

A lung abscess is an infection of the lungs. hollow with pus forms containing bacteria or other microorganisms dead tissue and fluid accumulation People over 60 are at increased risk of developing abscesses.

Listeria infection It is a serious infection caused by eating food contaminated with bacteria. These bacteria are most common in undercooked meat and dairy products. Listeria infection It is a serious disease in the public health system, but it is an uncommon infection. Anyone can get infected.

Herpangina is a viral disease that causes stomach ulcers and blisters inside the mouth. causing the throat and mouth to become red and swollen It is a common childhood infection in children ages 1 to 10. It can be confused with strep throat or canker sores. It usually occurs during the summer and fall. Recovery takes a few days to a week. Little treatment is required.

Gonorrhea is a sexually transmitted disease (STD) caused by bacteria. It usually affects the genitals. But it can also occur in other parts of the body, such as the eyes, neck, joints, etc. Untreated gonorrhea can lead to serious problems.

EBV Herpes simplex virus occurs worldwide as one of the most common human viruses. Many children and young people are infected. EBVs in the United States About half of children aged 5 and 95% of adults aged 35 to 40 have EBV.

Epididymitis is an infection or swelling of the epididymis. The epididymis are the tubes at the top of each testicle that carry sperm to the vas deferens, where they eject sperm. Sperm cyst inflammation can be cured with treatment.

Tapeworm disease is an infection caused by ingestion of Taenia solium in contaminated food or water, or by ingesting tapeworm eggs from an infected person. This tapeworm occurs worldwide and affects about 50 million people, usually in developing countries. About 1,000 new cases are diagnosed each year in the United States. Tapeworm of the brain can cause seizures in adults.

Endocardial infection It is inflammation with or without infection that affects the lining of the heart and heart valves.

Coccidioidomycosis Also known as San Joaquin Valley fever, it is an infection caused by spores of the fungus Coccidioides immitis.

Cat scratch disease is an infection that is believed to be caused by bacteria that live on a cat's claws. The infection has spread to the lymph nodes. near scratches Lymph nodes are tissues that are part of the body's immune system.

Pneumonia is an infection of the lungs. Bacterial pneumonia It means that the bacteria caused this infection. Bacteria enter the lungs through inhalation or through the bloodstream.

ehrlichiosis Ehrlichiosis is a disease that affects dogs, cattle, sheep, goats and horses in the United States. The disease was first described in humans in 1957. 1987. The two major diseases are human monocytic ehrlichiosis (HME)

Echinococcosis It is an infection caused by a small tapeworm called Echinococcus. Tapeworms can infect the liver, lungs, kidneys, bones or brain. They become cysts that can enlarge and damage these organs. Echinococcosis It is commonly found in many parts of the world. Especially the Middle East in the area of livestock. It also occurs in similar areas in Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Europe and the Americas, as well as in the southwestern United States. in the united states mostly found in immigrants

Carbon monoxide (abbreviated as CO) is a colorless, odorless, toxic gas that does not irritate skin or eyes. CO in the air is easily inhaled and absorbed through the lungs. Coagulates better than oxygen to bind to hemoglobin in red blood cells.

Babesiosis is an infectious disease transmitted by ticks. Ticks carry microscopic organisms called Babesia. These organisms can also infect people and cause nonspecific illnesses with fever.

Syphilis is a sexually transmitted disease. The disease is caused by bacteria that can infect the skin, mouth, genitals and nervous system. If caught early, syphilis is easy to treat and does not cause disease. Untreated syphilis can cause serious damage to the brain or nervous system and other organs, including the heart.

Lymphogranuloma venereum (LGV) is an infectious disease spread through sexual contact (STD). It usually involves the lymph nodes and genitals. and may also affect the rectum and oral cavity Found mostly in subtropics and tropics. It generally affects men more than women between the ages of 20 and 40.

Impetigo is a mild skin infection. Occurs most often in infants and children. easily spread from people The same as everyone else, especially when they play together, brother and sister. and people who play sports closely

Toenail fungus or onychomycosis is a fungal nail infection. Toenails are affected more than fingernails. It is more common in older people with poor circulation and diabetic People tend to have foot fungus. (People who exercise) together with toenail fungus

Paronychia is a common infection that is located under the skin around the fingernails and can be acute or chronic. (last a long time) more often occurs in females than males Abscesses or pus can occur if left untreated.

Bites are worrisome because they can infect both of them. The mouths of animals and humans carry many pathogens. Bites on the hands, forearms, lower legs, feet, and face are also more susceptible to infection. Human diseases such as hepatitis and HIV are more common. Rabies can be transmitted to others by bites. Bats, raccoons, foxes, and skunks can transmit rabies to others. Rabies is a serious and often fatal disease. Dogs, cats and farm animals do not usually cause rabies and rats (including rats) and rabbits do not carry rabies.

It's also called Hansen's disease. Leprosy is an infectious disease primarily involving the skin and nerves. The number of cases has decreased worldwide. About 650,000 new cases are now diagnosed every year. Nearly three-quarters of leprosy cases occur. In India, Brazil, Bangladesh, Indonesia and Myanmar, about 150 new cases occur every year in the United States. Over 85% in the migration there are two types, paucibacillary and multibacillary.

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