Last updated: 19 Nov 2021 | 753 Views |
Ventricular Septal Defect (VSDs)
Caused by a leak in the ventricle of the heart between two chambers. The left chamber pressure is greater than the right chamber. So the blood goes into the mix. and less oxygen to nourish the body The right ventricle exerts pressure back to the left ventricle, increasing pressure in the pulmonary arteries. VSDs are congenital diseases. Usually it should close on its own, if it doesn't turn off requires surgery. Occurring in girls more than boys If it is mild, there are no symptoms. If it is severe, respiratory failure can occur. together with feeling tired Difficulty breathing when lying down, tight chest, sometimes cyanotic skin from lack of oxygen heartbeat Abnormalities near the aortic tongue
The cause is still unknown
Fatigue, shortness of breath, tightness in the chest, green skin. arrhythmia
From the history taking, physical examination, ECG, chest X-ray to look at the size and shape of the heart and pulmonary arteries, and ECHO, send sound waves to see the structure and contraction of the heart chambers.
If there is a slight leak, no symptoms, no treatment is required. If it leaks a lot, you need to see a surgeon for surgery. If congestive heart failure is present, it is necessary to give excess water repellent to the extracorporeal fluid. Without complications, they can lead a normal life, requiring patients with VSDs to take antibiotics. after dental work or surgery to prevent infection into the heart valves Take the drug for 6 months until the valve is completely closed.