Pneumocystis pneu- monia

Last updated: 2021-11-22  |  1740 Views  | 

Pneumocystis pneu- monia

Pneumocystis pneu-monia


pneumonia caused by nimmosis can affect life More than half healed But some groups with weak immune systems have a lower chance of recovery. This infection can recur without preventive medications.

cause
It comes from pneumocystis jiroveci, a fungal pneumonia in immunocompromised patients, such as those with HIV. The chemotherapy group or the steroid group or pills you take after organ transplantation But the exact cause of the infection is unknown. The fungus spreads from person to person. and can remain in the body without showing symptoms until the immune system is weakened and the infection can recur

symptom
The symptoms will gradually begin and become the worst. most symptoms shortness of breath, dry cough, weight loss, chills

diagnosis
Doctors use chest X-rays and blood tests to assess the severity of the disease. Specific tests, such as sputum examination for pneumocystis, or bronchoscope, is an endoscope that is done into the lungs through the nose or mouth. and collecting mucus and samples for examination

treatment
It is a combination of trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole. It is used as the first drug for treatment. Can be administered orally and intravenously and other medications, such as pentamidine, which are used in people who are allergic to sulfa. or taking the first group of drugs and not getting better Treatment time is approximately 21 days for steroid medication. It is used for people with severe pneumonia. And severe cases often require hospitalization to receive oxygen and closely monitor the respiratory system. Side effects include rash, vomiting, fever, and low white blood cell count. Oral TMP/SMX is effective for the prevention of pneumonia. It can be given as 1 tablet 3 times a week or per day. Any person who is HIV positive or low CD4 has a previous infection with pneumosis. or eat It should be treated to prevent infection. The outlook for treatment outcomes is less favorable in patients with lung disease. lung leak patients Patients who rely on ventilators when the diagnosis or treatment is delayed


Things to do
should take painkillers acetaminnophen or aspirin (except in children) for fever and pain relief
You should see your doctor at regular intervals to get your immune system tested if you're HIV positive.
You should inform your doctor if you have symptoms of pneumonia such as fever, cough, shortness of breath.
Tell your doctor if your symptoms get worse after treatment.
Should inform the doctor if there is a red rash on the body. may mean drug allergy
You should inform your doctor if you are unable to take the prescribed medication due to vomiting.

do not do
no smoking
Do not stop taking the medication on your own, even if your duty is better if your doctor doesn't prescribe it.


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