Last updated: 22 Nov 2021 | 5320 Views |
chronic inflammation of the esophagus
This is a condition in which the lower esophageal tissue is abnormal. Usually the lower esophagus and stomach are obstructed by a sphincter, preventing the backflow of stomach acid. When normal squamous tissue becomes columna, 5-10% can develop esophageal cancer.
The exact cause is unknown. But starting from the acid in the stomach reflux. not a genetic disease and cannot be contacted from person to person
heartburn It usually occurs at night, chest pain, difficulty swallowing, stuffy throat and vomiting, shortness of breath, wheezing, laryngitis and hoarseness.
By passing the endoscope into the mouth and down to the lower esophagus Some biopsies may be cut out for endoscopy.
The goal of treatment is to prevent acid from returning to the esophagus. or taking medications that reduce acidity, such as antacid h2 antagonist (ranithidine,cimethidine), PPI (omeprazol ,lansoprasol), are most effective. or drugs that help move the gastrointestinal tract (metoclopramide), a major complication is esophageal cancer, which the doctor will follow through the endoscopy Other complications such as scarring and bleeding esophageal stricture, etc.
Things to do
You should know that the only treatment is endoscopic biopsy.
Should sleep on the pillow a little higher to help reduce acid reflux.
should lose weight
Should be the same behavior that risk of disease and take medicine as prescribed by the doctor.
You should see your doctor immediately if your heartburn doesn't improve or you have trouble swallowing.
Don't drink alcohol, which increases your chances of getting acid reflux.
Do not eat heavy meals before going to bed.
Don't drink coffee or chocolate. or drugs in the group of calcium channel blockers used to lower blood pressure These can cause acid reflux.