Henoch -schonlein

Last updated: 24 Nov 2021  |  1422 Views  | 

Henoch -schonlein

Henoch-schonlein


It is a disease in which the small intestine in the body becomes inflamed and expands. These blood vessels may be in the skin, joints, stomach, and kidneys. This disease, known as allergic purpura, is most common in young children, especially boys. As for older children or adults, it is possible.
Most of the children recovered back to normal. But it may take months or even years. There may be kidney problems. Therefore, blood pressure and urine tests must be monitored for several months.

cause
The exact cause is still unknown. Symptoms usually appear within a few weeks after the throat has been infected with Streptococcus. or have the flu or a viral infection After that, the immune system in the body will begin to create antibody. at the onset of infection

symptom
The first symptoms are found Bleeding area both legs and buttocks feeling pain in the ankle At first they appear like hives and turn into purple or brown blotches within 1-2 days.
The ankle or knee area is known to be painful and swollen. The symptoms are more pronounced when walking.
Other symptoms such as abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, and blood in the urine In adolescence, women may experience severe menstrual cramps.

diagnosis
The doctor examines the patient's skin and takes the sample to endoscopy. and collecting urine and blood samples. The patient's doctor will refer the patient to a doctor specializing in nephrology and rheumatoid arthritis to take care of them.
If the doctor sees that the patient has a kidney problem A kidney biopsy may be taken for examination by inserting a needle into the area of ​​the kidney and sending a sample to be examined.

treatment
This disease usually resolves on its own. Symptoms will increase and gradually disappear over time. Your doctor prescribes medications such as ibuprofen, naproxen, or acetaminophen. May be given to control pain or reduce fever. or to order predisolone For patients with severe symptoms or with kidney problems.

Things to do
Should try to get the patient to drink plenty of water and eat all 5 food groups.
Consult a doctor immediately if the patient's abdominal pain worsens. abnormal bowel movements or bloody urine or if there is swelling around the eyes, especially around the face or eyes, or The patient has not urinated for more than 12 hours.
Consult a doctor immediately when the patient looks worse than usual.



don't do
give the patient aspirin because It may worsen or develop a condition called Reye's syndrome and may cause bleeding.

 

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