Heart Catheterization

Last updated: 26 May 2022  |  109 Views  | 

Heart Catheterization

 

Heart Catheterization


TRight heart catheterization is called a pulmonary artery catheter. to find out how well the heart and blood vessels are working and treat heart disease Most coronary catheters are done in a laboratory. Intensive care units (ICUs) and operating rooms Left heart catheterization is done by inserting a catheter through the aortic valve into the left ventricle of the heart. and right heart catheterization can be performed simultaneously. coronary artery catheterization and coronary angiography The steps are usually done together. by adding a special dye An X-ray is inserted into the catheter and X-rays are taken to see how the blood flows through the heart. It is also used in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease.

Who needs a cardiac catheterization??
People have cardiac catheters for different diagnoses of heart abnormalities, heart valves, and coronary artery disease. And should not have a cardiac catheterization if they have uncontrolled high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats such as acute arrhythmia, severe anemia or bleeding, heart failure and infection.

How is cardiac catheterization done?
Avoid eating or drinking for 6-8 hours before the test. A mild sedative is given before the test to help the patient relax. Doctors place instruments in the veins in the limbs or groin, the subclavian and internal jugular veins. A catheter and lead are inserted into the sheath and then inserted into the heart or coronary artery. It takes a few seconds and there is no pain because of the blood vessels. no nerve When the catheter is inserted The wire guide is removed. Afterward, dye injections and images (angiograms) are given to show narrowing of the arteries. In some cases, angioplasty and stenting can be performed immediately to improve blood flow. The patient is conscious and able to follow instructions during the test. The test may take from 1 to several hours. There may be some discomfort at that point where the catheter can be placed. After the test, the catheter will be removed. If inserted into the groin area, lie on your back for a few hours after the test to avoid bleeding.

What are the risks of cardiac catheterization?
Cardiac catheterization is very safe when performed by an experienced team. Risks include arrhythmias. (irregular heartbeat) congestive heart failure, bleeding from the catheter insertion site, low blood pressure, allergic reaction to dye, blood clots, stroke, vascular injury, chest pain, infection, Kidney failure, and less common is death. A rare complication with the highest mortality is rupture of the pulmonary artery because the catheter tip balloon is too inflated or the artery is wounded.


Things to do

should understand the risks Talk to your doctor about testing and about heart health.
Take the medicine as directed. Tell your doctor if you are allergic to the dye injection. iodine or pregnancy
Check blood pressure and cholesterol levels regularly. eat low fat food (fruits and vegetables) Lose weight if you are overweight. Exercise, such as walking, if your doctor permits.



don't do

Remember to avoid eating or drinking for a long time. 6–8 hours before the test

Be sure to tell your doctor about any medications you are taking. Including medicines that you buy yourself from pharmacies. Herbs and Supplements

Don't forget to prepare relatives to take them home after the procedure

 

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