Coarctation of the Aorta

Last updated: 18 May 2022  |  89 Views  | 

Coarctation of the Aorta

 

Coarctation of the Aorta


The aorta is a large, important artery attached to the left side. side of the heart other medium blood vessels from the aorta which carries blood and oxygen to the body. Coarctation is an abnormal narrowing of the aorta. which is usually located in part of the blood vessels to the head and arms which at this time do not know how to prevent this malfunction if not treated Strangulation can cause complications, such as high blood pressure, heart attack, heart failure, or stroke.

cause
 Congenital heart defects are rare. but may not be found until later Other heart defects include bicuspid aortic valve and ventricular septal defect. In the bicuspid aortic valve, there are two heart valves instead of three. In a ventricular septal defect, there is a hole in the middle septum of the heart.

symptom
Older children and adults tend to have less severe strictures and have no symptoms at first. The symptoms found include Dizziness, shortness of breath, chest pain, cold legs, leg cramps (especially with exercise), and nosebleeds. if the blood flows through another blood vessel Instead of narrow arteries, the veins are enlarged and the doctor may feel or see a pulsation in the back.

diagnose

Doctors diagnose symptoms such as Leaky heart valves high blood pressure Tests include an electrocardiogram (ECG), chest X-ray, ekg, MRI, and cardiac catheterization.

treatment

Medications may be used for high blood pressure. But surgery is often necessary. This important procedure may require several days in the hospital. Risks include general numbness. half weak Surgery will help remove the narrowed area. and other methods using artificial tissue grafts made of a special material to manipulate the abnormal parts. Sometimes a wall of tissue from an artery can be used to expand a narrow area. Another treatment is balloon dilation. A small apparatus (balloon) is gradually pumped up to inflate a narrow area. Sometimes a small tube (stent) may be left in the container to leave it open. This treatment leaves no large scars and speeds up recovery in older children, not babies, and people with a second narrowing after treatment. because the boat may be narrow again Follow-up with a cardiologist is recommended. It will help to find abnormalities early and receive treatment.

Things to do

Ask your doctor about the type and amount of exercise you should do.
Should take the medicine prescribed by the doctor.
Consult a doctor if you are trying to conceive. You may need to consider some complications and may require special care.


don't do

Don't forget to have regular follow-up checks. Check your blood pressure regularly, even after treatment.



 

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