Blood clots in the veins

Last updated: 7 Nov 2021  |  1013 Views  | 

Blood clots in the veins

Blood clots in the veins


It is a type of disease caused by deep vein thrombosis, mainly in the veins of the leg muscles. and other parts can be born. A blood clot slows down the flow of blood and makes the area red, swollen and painful. If this blood clot travels to the lungs It can cause respiratory problems. This thrombosis is found in people who do not move well. Elderly, pregnant women, or have a blood disorder are at greater risk for bleeding.

cause
Caused by lying in bed without moving for more than 3 days, smoking, being overweight Sitting in a car or on a plane that requires slack for a long time, taking birth control pills or estrogen replacement. or a family history of blood clotting disease increases the risk of thrombosis

symptom
There is pain, swelling, redness, hotness at the site of the blood clot, which in the beginning is usually not asymptomatic.

diagnosis
The doctor will take a history and do a physical examination. If there is a suspicion of thrombosis, the doctor will recommend an ultrasound of the swollen leg area. Including a blood test for D-dimer, as well as doing venography by injecting color into the blood vessels to look at the location of the blockage.

treatment

By injecting thrombolytics or heparin through the skin, as well as oral warfarin to prevent new blood clots from forming, heparin and warfarin are given in combination for the first 1-2 days when vafarin levels are met. Reach the desired level in the blood and then stop heparin. This treatment usually takes 6 months or longer depending on the cause of the clotting. including measuring the level of warfarin to a reasonable level Doctors recommend wearing fiber therapy socks to reduce leg swelling. Overweight people should lose weight and move more often to prevent future clots.



Things to do

You should take your medication and have your INR blood test to check your fibrinolytic drug level.

You should lose weight and exercise as recommended by your doctor to reduce the recurrence of blood clots.

You should get up and walk and stretch your broken leg muscles. You sit for a long time.

You should inform your doctor if your symptoms do not improve.

Tell your doctor if you have acute chest pain or coughing up blood.

Tell your doctor if you are traveling for a long time about taking aspirin.

if you may not be taking warfarin.

Try to keep your legs elevated when you are sitting or lying.



don't do

Do not stand or sit without moving for long periods of time.

Do not wear clothing that is too tight.

Do not sit cross-legged

no smoking

Do not play sports while taking warfarin because of the risk of heavy bleeding in an accident.



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