peripheral arterial disease

Last updated: 2021-11-24  |  969 Views  | 

peripheral arterial disease

peripheral arterial disease


Caused by clogged blood vessels from hardening of the arteries. causing poor blood supply to the legs The hardening of the arteries due to cholesterol clogging the arteries. Both males and females can be born

cause
Fat accumulation in arteries Resulting in narrowing of the arteries, smoking, diabetes, cholesterol, high blood pressure, not contacting people around you.

symptom

More than half of the people had no symptoms. Most of the symptoms, such as pain, spasms, numbness, tight feeling, cold, pale, dark skin, no pulse, no wound healing, leg cramps often occur during exercise and disappear when sitting at rest. If the blood vessels are clogged The legs feel very painful and they are unable to move. In men, the penis cannot be erected if the blood vessels there are affected.

diagnosis
From the history taking, physical examination, blood test, the ankle-brachial index, which is used to measure the blood pressure at the extremities. If the value is less than 1, it is considered abnormal. Diagnostic instruments such as A treadmill test, Doppler ultrasound, magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) help assess the location and size of arterial stenosis.

treatment
Reduce pain, prevent the destruction of neighboring cells. avoid smoking Eat nutritious food, limit salt, walk for at least 30-60 minutes, diabetics eat a diet for people with diabetes. Use medications that help with blood flow. Dissolving blood clots, antihypertensive drugs and cholesterol Doctors recommend an angioplasty. For those with severe coronary artery stenosis By inserting a tube into a blood vessel and inserting a balloon to open the artery. Some people may use an artery to cross the blocked area.

Things to do

Behavior should be changed to reduce cholesterol, diabetes, high blood pressure.

should eat wholesome food Reduce starch, reduce sugar, eat fruits, vegetables, grains.

should lose weight

should walk at least 20-30 minutes every day

Should control blood sugar levels in the normal range.

You should take care of your feet, be careful not to get wounds. If chronic foot ulcers occur, see a doctor immediately.

don't do

Smoking is prohibited because it can cause peripheral vascular stenosis and heart disease.

 

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