Leukemia multiple myeloma

Last updated: 2021-12-07  |  1444 Views  | 

Leukemia multiple myeloma

Leukemia multiple myeloma


It is a cancer of the red blood cells, which is one of a special type of white blood cells called B lymphocytes. Lymphocytes are produced from bone marrow cells. Blood cells, including immune cells Acts to destroy foreign substances such as viruses and bacteria in the body. When blood cells become abnormal or cancerous cells, they interfere with normal cell formation. and unable to fight germs And this abnormal cell growth can lead to weak bones and fractures.

cause
The exact cause is not yet known. and not spread to the people around

symptom
Bone pain in the back or ribs very painful when moving Low blood cells and easier infection. Myeloma cells damage bone and release calcium into the bloodstream, causing complications such as nerve compression, leg weakness, kidney failure, high blood calcium causing frequent urination, weakness, confusion

diagnosis
from physical examination and blood and urine tests, X-rays, and bone marrow moistening for endoscopy Look at the red blood cell abnormalities to confirm the diagnosis.

treatment
The severity level includes the spread of the infection. Some people with early symptoms can live for five years, while others with severe symptoms have a shorter life. cancer doctor treated according to the severity of the disease treatment methods such as Stem cell transplants, radiation therapy, chemo, blood transfusions, radiation therapy, surgery. Radiation is performed when bone pain or emergencies such as nerve is pressed Surgery is done when a bone is broken. and treated according to symptoms such as disinfectant Medicines to lower blood calcium levels, pain relievers


what to do
Should drink a lot of water for people with high blood calcium. and prevent dehydration
Medicines should be taken as prescribed by the doctor.
Tell your doctor if you have back pain, fever, numbness or weakness. Problems with bowel movements Urination These symptoms may be caused by nerve compression.
Tell your doctor if blood is found in your stool, urine, sputum, or vomiting.
Tell your doctor if you feel depressed.

don't do
Do not stay in place for a long time, causing high levels of calcium in the blood.
do not lift heavy objects risk of fracture
Don't suffer the pain, ask for painkillers.
Do not conduct follow-up examinations with a doctor.


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