colon cancer

Last updated: 8 Dec 2021  |  1040 Views  | 

colon cancer

colon cancer


Food travels through the stomach. The small intestine comes into the large intestine, becoming feces before being excreted outside the body. The colon is the largest part of the colon. Colon cancer is a tumor of the colon. It usually occurs in the lower rectum and sigmoid colon, also known as colorectal cancer or adenocarcinoma of the colon, which is a cancer of the digestive system. Colon cancer begins as a small lump or polyp on the surface of the colon. Some polyps do not show Agra, others become cancerous.


symptom
Changes in the intestines, constipation, diarrhea, small stools black or pale stools Bleeding from the rectum, abdominal pain, sometimes most people have no symptoms. But iron-deficient people may cause chronic bleeding. can be detected by a blood test Diagnosis from the beginning Because if found late and left untreated, it may spread to the intestinal wall or nearby organs such as the liver, lungs, bones.

diagnosis
The doctor takes a history of the symptoms. and physical examination such as rectal examination or a blood test to show iron deficiency Examination of stools for blood in the stools A colonoscopy is then taken to collect a biopsy sample. CT scans and other tests show metastasis.

treatment
depending on the spread CT scan and the pelvic floor, which can be spread outside the colon. This information is important for evaluating treatment. Surgery is the best way to completely remove the tumor if it has not spread to other areas. But even if it has spread, surgery is considered to prevent intestinal obstruction. Chemotherapy and radiation can be used to kill cancer cells that cannot be removed by surgery. Both methods have side effects such as inflammation, along with diarrhea and bloody diarrhea. Bone problems caused by infection, bleeding, or anemia caused by chemo. More than half are curable depending on the stage of the cancer.


Things to do
You should be sure after the treatment that a bowel examination should be performed 1 year after surgery to prevent recurrence.
should follow a doctor's appointment
You should notify your doctor if you have any unusual symptoms from the medication you are taking.
Exercise and eat a healthy diet to reduce the risk of colon cancer.

don't do
Do not forget to screen for colon cancer at age 50 or have a family member with colon cancer.
Do not forget to make an appointment with the doctor.
Don't forget to eat nutritious food, high in fiber, and maintain weight.
no smoking


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