esophageal cancer

Last updated: 2021-11-22  |  1620 Views  | 

esophageal cancer

esophageal cancer


The esophagus is part of the digestive system that connects the mouth and stomach. esophageal cancer It usually occurs in the lower esophagus area.

cause
The exact cause is not yet known. But the risks that can cause cancer, such as drinking alcohol and smoking, increases the chance of developing cancer. not transmitted by heredity If acid reflux from the stomach to the esophagus for a long time The tissue in the area undergoes a condition called Barrett's esophagus, which in some cases can become cancerous.

symptom
Trouble swallowing solids and when the lump grows The patient is unable to swallow even liquid food and is accompanied by pain. And cancer cells can spread to the lungs, trachea, lymph nodes, liver. There is also a hoarse voice, coughing, vomiting blood, chest tightness.

diagnosis
The best way to diagnose is to end up into your esophagus and take a tissue sample for examination. Other methods such as X-rays swallowing powder, or esophagography After diagnosis, should tell the severity level. and tell the spread of cancer cells by doing a CT scan of the chest and abdomen If suspected, spread to the larynx for bronchoscopy. by endoscopy into the trachea area

treatment
Treatment depends on the severity and spread of the disease. Such as surgery, radiation, and chemo in surgery is called surgery. esophagectomy Your doctor will take a biopsy of the cancer cells and lymph nodes where the cancer has spread. Radiation is used after surgery when the cancer cells are very large and cannot be completely removed. And chemo can be done in conjunction with surgery and radiation.

Things to do
Treatment of long-term acid reflux that causes cancer should be treated.
should inquire about trends in treatment
It should be understood that nutrients are necessary before and after surgery. Should be eating high-calorie foods. and nutritious
See your doctor if you have difficulty swallowing. or swallowed and stuck in the throat
You should immediately notify your doctor if you have a strong cough. or vomiting blood
Tell your doctor if you have shortness of breath and fever.
Tell your doctor if you are unable to eat or lose weight too quickly.

don't do
no smoking
do not drink alcohol
Do not miss an appointment when the doctor makes a follow-up appointment.


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