uterine cancer

Last updated: 2021-12-08  |  1387 Views  | 

uterine cancer

uterine cancer


The position of the uterus between the bladder and the ileum. The inner layer of tissue in the uterus is called the endometrium. which cancer cells occur in this layer
If cancer is not developed and not treated Cancer cells invade the pelvic floor, including bowel and bladder If it continues to spread to the lymph nodes and develop cancer in other parts of the body such as the stomach, liver, lungs, and bones.

cause
The exact cause is not yet known. It generally occurs in women aged 55 and 70, but can occur in women of reproductive age as well. which risks causing cancer, such as being overweight, having diabetes, having never been pregnant Take hormone replacement therapy during menopause.

symptom
The main symptom found is uterine bleeding after has entered menopause for women of childbearing age Bleeding more or less than usual during the menstrual cycle

diagnosis
The doctor will take a history and do a physical examination. by examining the pelvic floor and doing a vaginal ultrasound And for accuracy in the diagnosis, the doctor must use a scraping tool to take a biopsy of the uterus for examination. which cancers are classified according to severity The degree of severity can tell that The cancer cells have spread and have spread to other parts. In the first stage, the cancer cells are located only inside the uterus. The second stage, the cancer cells have invaded the cervix. The third stage, the cells have invaded the vagina, ovaries and abdomen. Fourth, cancer cells have invaded the bladder and distal colon, blood tests, x-rays of the lungs, CT scans of the abdomen and pelvis. This is necessary to monitor the progression of cancer cells.

treatment
Surgery, radiation, hormone therapy, chemotherapy. All of these treatments are used depending on the severity of the cancer. Most of these uterine cancers occur in the first to the second stage. and had to have the uterus, fallopian tubes, and ovaries removed. Irradiation may be given after that. Both treatments have side effects. As for hormone replacement therapy and chemotherapy. Recommendations should be made in patients with metastatic cancer cells. which can cause side effects as well

Things to do
It should be understood that hysterectomy does not affect sex.
It should be noted that The patient will not have a period and will have symptoms similar to those of the menopause, such as hot flashes, sweating, etc., when the patient's ovaries are cut off.
Follow-up appointments should be made after treatment to check if treatment results or if there is a recurrence.
A doctor should be consulted if the patient has any vaginal bleeding or abnormal discharge.
See your doctor right away if you have any side effects from your treatment.

don't do
Do not ignore it when abnormally heavy vaginal bleeding.
Do not ignore it if you are in menopause and have vaginal bleeding.


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