melanoma

Last updated: 8 Dec 2021  |  2697 Views  | 

melanoma

Melanoma


It is a skin cancer caused by melanosides. which produces the pigment of the skin It begins to form as tiny particles and spreads to nearby areas and deep into the skin layer below. It reaches the lymph nodes and veins and eventually spreads to the liver, brain, lungs, bones.

cause
Caused by exposure to ultraviolet from too much sunlight can damage the skin layer. The highest risk groups are those with prolonged sunburn, white, blue-eyed, blonde-haired people, and people with freckles tanning their skin. or people with severe skin discoloration or family members who have this disease Black people can be, too.

symptom
At first there were no symptoms. When melanoma spreads, symptoms begin to appear in small particles and enlarged lymph nodes, shortness of breath, bone pain. Headaches, seizures, vision problems as they spread to the brain The traces on the skin are unevenly edged. uneven color and gradually expanding in size

diagnosis
from a small biopsy to endoscopy to see how severe the cancer is How deep and wide does it take up? and look at the distribution to where it is from swollen lymph nodes and blood tests, chest X-rays, CT scans, head and bone scans

treatment
It depends on the severity of the cancer and how it has spread to other organs. Therefore, when it is found in the early stages, it must be treated because it is severe and cannot be treated. in the initial stage of surgery Make sure to cut off enough of the malignant part and be sure to remove it. But if the cancer has spread, surgery, chemo, and radiation cannot be cured.

Things to do
should wash hands thoroughly especially after changing diapers
You should check your skin for any abnormal pigment or enlargement or not, and seek immediate medical attention.
A thorough annual skin examination should be performed.
Avoid sunbathing in order to tone your tan.
Sunscreen should be applied with SPF greater than 30.
It should be noted that the treatment of melanoma is handled by specialists in dermatology, oncology, and general practitioners.
Should notify the doctor immediately if you feel fever, swollen glands, pain and fluid coming out of the surgical wound.


don't do
Do not be in the strong sun for a long time, especially people who are sensitive to light.
Do not delay when abnormal pigment is found on the skin.


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